Whitworth Cannon: British-made Whitworth cannon used by Confederate artillerymen, mark a battery position in Schultz Woods. National Park Service, Gettysburg.
Three of the stories in the Saint Maggie universe have to do with Gettysburg – or more correctly with Gettysburg and Middletown (located 7 miles to the north and now known as Biglerville). The trio of stories take up the entire year of 1863.
I have visited Gettysburg several times. It has never been too far from where I live on the East coast. I am drawn to it because of its tangible historical spirit. After all, it was the location of a significant battle of the Civil War. The conflict ended with a total of 51,112 casualties. The Union experienced 23049: 3,155 dead, 14, 529 wounded, and 5365 missing. The Confederates had 28,063 casualties: 3,903 dead, 18, 735 injured, and 5425 missing.
Amazingly, although the battle took place in the fields outside of the town, the people living there were subject to arms and artillery fire. Despite that, the only person killed in the town was Jennie Wade. The town itself was traumatized, with wounded soldiers housed in private homes and many public buildings. A once prosperous and bustling town was left struggling to recover mostly on its own.
Walk by Faith, the second full-length novel in the series, kicks off with a fire early in 1863 when the boarding house and Eli’s print shop burn down under suspicious circumstances. Most of the men are away at the time. Eli and Carson are in the field as war correspondents. Patrick McCoy (Frankie’s beau) and Edgar Lape (Lydia’s husband) have enlisted in the army and are away with the New Jersey Fifteenth Volunteer Regiment. Left behind are Maggie and young son Bob, Emily and baby Natey, Emily’s husband Nate, self-emancipator Matilda Strong and daughter Chloe, Lydia, Frankie, and Jim “Grandpa” O’Reilly.
When Maggie’s brother, Samuel Beatty, learns that the boarding house has suffered a fire, he takes them into his mansion, located several miles outside of Blaineton. Eli and Carson, meanwhile, hurry back to New Jersey. Once Maggie and Eli are together again, the tension between them becomes obvious: she wants him to be safe and stay with the family, while he wants to cover the war. Eli even goes so far as to decide to move everyone to his old family home in Gettysburg without Maggie’s input. Furthermore, he demands that Maggie comply, and this drives them further apart. Once the family has relocated, Eli and Carson return to the New Jersey Fifteenth.
What no one knows is that by mid-summer the town will be involved an iconic battle of the Civil War.
The story picks up pace as Maggie and family hear frightening rumors of the approach of the Confederate Army, while Eli and Carson are exposed to the dangers of the battlefield while covering the New Jersey Fifteenth. When the fight finally comes Gettysburg, the old Smith home is turned into a field hospital, as were many other homes and buildings in the town.
Walk by Faith essentially deals with the question, “Who is my neighbor?” But it also deals with the physical, emotional, and spiritual damage war brings to individuals and the community.
A Time to Heal continues the Gettysburg saga as Eli and Nate move their wives and young sons north to Middletown, something facilitated by Eli’s Quaker sister and brother-in-law who live nearby. Maggie is pregnant and needs a quiet environment after the rigors of her experience in Gettysburg. Emily needs the same thing: she suffered during her separation from little Natey (whom she had sent to stay with Eli’s family in Middletown) and is now exhausted from caring for the wounded at the Smith House.
Frankie, Lydia, Carson, Matilda, Chloe, and Grandpa graciously stay behind in Gettysburg to care for the wounded soldiers in their house. During that time, Frankie is moved by Caleb, a young Confederate soldier who is yearning to return to Virginia to find his wife and child. The result: Frankie and Lydia decide to help him go home, and this means they are aiding and abetting the enemy. Another law had already been broken when the family helped Gideon Opdyke. Gideon was someone they knew from Blaineton. He had been bullied into joining the Confederate Army by his brother Lemuel, who supported the CSA cause. But all Gideon wants now is to move west, start a farm, and live in peace. During the battle, the family had moved him into an unused room in the house and given him new clothing to replace his uniform. He eventually is moved up to Middletown and is sojourning there before he moves on.
Meanwhile, newly widowed Lydia makes the acquaintance of Capt. Philip Frost, a physician with the US Army, who is in town to relocate wounded soldiers from people’s homes and public buildings to Camp Letterman, an army hospital being built outside Gettysburg. Eventually, Capt. Frost notices that one of the soldiers from his original count (Caleb) seems to be missing. When Philip mistakenly identifies Gideon as the soldier and Eli as the person responsible for allowing him to move to Middletown, the two men are arrested. Now Maggie, Lydia, and Frankie must step up and prove Eli’s innocence and explain Gideon’s situation.
The Christmas Eve Visitor is a short-story that takes place – when else? – on Christmas Eve of 1863. The Johnson and Smith families are continuing to recover from their experiences with the war, but now are faced with a new issue: all the young children have taken ill, including Maggie and Eli’s new baby, Faith. The unexpected arrival of peddler Ira Strauss in the middle of a snowstorm takes them all by surprise. Although they cannot afford to purchase anything, Maggie invites him in from the cold and feeds him a bowl of soup. A thankful Ira then proceeds to give each member of the family gifts that somehow connect with what they are needing at that moment and in their lives. This, of course, leaves them with numerous questions. How does he know who they are and what they need? Who is Ira, anyway? What was he doing out in the cold in the middle of a snowstorm? And where did he disappear to the next morning? This old-fashioned Christmas miracle tale is warm and hopeful.
Next: Seeing the Elephant, a novel that returns the family to Blaineton; and The Great Central Fair, a novella in which Frankie and Lydia are reunited with Sgt. Patrick McCoy and Capt. Philip Frost. The quartet (with Chester Carson as their chaperone) take a trip to see Philadelphia’s big “Sanitary Fair,” one of many that were held around the United States at that time to raise money for the Sanitary Commission. I guess you could call this an historical romance as well as a tour of 1864 Philadelphia. Frankie and Patrick reconnect in the City of Brotherly Love, while Lydia and Phil voice their true feelings for each other.
Later, gators! Be good. Be kind. Be safe.
Janet R. Stafford
Image from: The Historical Marker Database: Flemington Fairgrounds. Long story short: The Flemington Fairgrounds hosted Camp Fair Oaks during the Civil War era and is featured in my novella, The Enlistment. Today, neither the camp nor the Fairgrounds exist. In their place is a shopping center.
In the previous blog, I wrote about two short stories set in the 1850s. Today, we’re moving into the 1860s with the first novel I ever published, Saint Maggie, and The Enlistment, a novella that features Maggie’s daughter, Frankie.
Saint Maggie takes place over the years 1860-1861. It was based on a story I came upon while writing a research paper for a graduate school tutorial. The real story involved a young, charismatic Methodist preacher by the name of Jacob S. Harden. He preached powerful sermons and was good-looking to boot, all of which meant that he was Ground Zero for young women with romance in their eyes and designing mothers who hoped to land a pastor as a son-in-law. Harden fell prey to one of those mothers, and, thanks to a shotgun marriage, soon found himself and Louisa Dorland at the altar. The marriage, predictably, was unhappy. Frustrated and stressed out, Harden decided to resolve the situation. Unfortunately, the resolution was not something a pastor (or anyone) should do and led to a trial and a conviction. Curious? Read the research paper here.
When I began writing Saint Maggie, I decided to change a few things up. Rather than renting a room from a couple, the Rev. Jeremiah Madison was placed in Maggie’s boarding house because the Methodist church’s parsonage had burned down. (This was not unusual in the 1800s, fire was an ever-present danger for homes and towns.) I did not want Jeremiah to have a liaison with Maggie, and so I paired her up with Eli within the first chapter. Instead, Jeremiah becomes involved with Leah Beatty (Maggie’s niece and daughter of wealthy Samuel Beatty, from whom Maggie is estranged). When Leah becomes pregnant, the couple are forced into a marriage. Neither party is happy. Leah is put out because they must live in the boarding house rather than in a house that her father could provide. Jeremiah is frustrated because he has a loveless marriage and a complaining wife.
Unexpectedly, both Maggie and Leah become ill with what is diagnosed as “gastric fever.” But it proves to be something else – something malicious. Eventually, Jeremiah becomes the primary suspect, but Maggie and Eli keep feeling that there’s more to the story and began a search of the truth.
The book also touches on the characters’ activity in the Underground Railroad and the ever-present threat of being discovered and facing charges as set out by the Fugitive Slave Act. In addition, the clouds of war are gathering overhead. By the conclusion of Saint Maggie, war has broken out between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America.
Saint Maggie is historical fiction with a mystery within it, as well as a bit of romance.
I wrote the novella, The Enlistment, six years after Saint Maggie was published. I realized that there was a chunk of time between March of 1861, when Saint Maggie ends, and early 1863, when the follow-up novel, Walk by Faith, begins. I had done some reading about women in Civil War armies and, being interested in women’s history, wondered what would happen if Frankie tried to follow her beau Patrick into the army. (This was hinted at in a letter Patrick writes to Frankie in one of the other novels.) When I learned that a military camp (Camp Fair Oaks) was in Flemington, New Jersey and actively recruiting in August of 1862, and that it was possible for Frankie to get from Blaineton (in Warren County) to Flemington (in Hunterdon County) rather quickly by train, the story became possible. So, I went for it.
The plot begins when Patrick and Lydia’s husband Edgar doing their patriotic duty and leaving for Camp Fair Oaks to enlist in the New Jersey 15th Volunteers. Frankie resents the fact that women are supposed to stay home and tend the hearth, and impulsively decides to join Patrick to fight the Johnnies (aka, Confederate soldiers). So, she cuts her hair, puts on male clothing, runs away, and tries to enlist. The only one who knows what Frankie has done is Chloe Strong, young daughter of self-emancipated slave Matilda Strong, who now make their home at Maggie’s boarding house. When Frankie’s absence is noticed, Chloe spills the beans – and a panicked Maggie, accompanied by husband Eli, goes in search of her errant daughter.
At Camp Fair Oaks, Frankie learns that a) she looks too much like a young teenage boy and cannot join the army, and 2) the regiment has all the drummer boys they can use. Depressed, she wanders the camp in search of Patrick. What she finds is a separate camp for the regiment’s laundresses. After making friends with three of the women, she asks to join them. They accept her and it looks as if Frankie will be able to stay near Patrick.
But will Maggie and Eli be able to locate Frankie? And how will Frankie acclimate to life in the camp?
Part of the story’s fun for me was mapping out the ways that women served in the military during the Civil War. They were laundresses, cooks, and various “camp followers.” It also seems that around 400 women passed as men and fought on both sides of the conflict. I even wrote a woman soldier into the novella. Since clothing in that era was an indicator of gender, a woman wearing men’s clothing (even if the soldiers knew she was a woman) might very well be accepted as a man – especially if she could shoot and fight as well as a man.
The Enlistment is a “pre-spin off,” if that makes any sense. For many years I have planned to write a series of Frankie’s own. It’s taken a while, but at the end of A Balm in Gilead (to be published in 2021) our feisty, petite redhead will be moving away from Blaineton and go off to have adventures with Patrick… and it looks as if they’ll be out west. Change of venue! Whee! I’ve been to the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and loved it. So, my love of the area and – God willing – another visit there will help me get the story rolling.
Next time let’s look at the two Civil War era full-length novels, Walk by Faith and A Time to Heal.
And don’t forget to be kind. Things are stressful enough without adding to it, right?
This image of a woman sitting at her desk reminds me of Maggie, especially in "The Dundee Cake." She is tired, worried, and not sure where to turn or what to do. I purchased the image from I-Stock, but have yet to use it for a cover. Just the same, I like it.
Who is “Saint Maggie”? Well, for one, the Maggie in my stories is not a saint, as described by the Roman Catholic Church. However, she is a good-hearted, Methodist woman who tries to love those whom she meets. She doesn’t always succeed, but she tries.
That said, these books are not “Christian fiction.” They are fiction about a woman who embraces one of the many Christian sects. The books are not out to sway readers to any viewpoint within Christianity, except for being kind, merciful, and loving, values that are found in most religions and philosophies. I try to people my stories with characters who hold diverse religious and philosophical outlooks… well, diverse for mid-19th-century New Jersey.
To be honest, I did not intend to write a series. I wrote Saint Maggie, my first full-length novel with every intention of going on to another story set in another time. The book was based on research I had done for a graduate school tutorial. My paper was about a young pastor who lived in Warren County, New Jersey, a shotgun marriage, and a trial. You may find the paper on the Squeaking Pips website. Just click on the “About” tab. Then click on the drop-down for “The Story Behind Saint Maggie” The paper is mainly about how the minister, Jacob Harden, was perceived by the press of his time; but his story is included in it, as well.
I figured I probably would write another historical fiction novel, since I love history. But that quickly changed as I made the circuit of a few local book clubs. Readers were starting to ask me, “What comes next?”
Huh? I hadn’t realized that I had left things open for Maggie’s story to continue. But when I looked at the book’s last chapter, I saw that it indeed would be possible to do just that.
But do what? I mean, where would I take the characters from that point?
Well, I had been entertaining doing something based in Gettysburg during the battle there. Once I figured out how to move Maggie and her unconventional family to that town, the story took shape. And off I went, jumping my characters from 1861 to 1863.
During those early years, I wrote full-length novels. In 2015, I decided to write a short story (“The Christmas Eve Visitor”) as a “thank you” Christmas gift to my small group of fans. After that, other stories and novellas followed, as I realized that I also enjoyed writing shorter fiction.
The next few blogs then will be devoted to introducing you to Maggie, the other characters, and the stories chronologically as they move through the mid-19th century. That chronology looks like this:
Today we’re going to tackle the first two on this list.
Set in 1852, "The Dundee Cake" introduces Maggie, a widow who is struggling to keep her boarding house afloat at Christmastime. She is still mourning her husband, John, and little boy, Gideon, both of whom died from rheumatic fever a few years earlier. Maggie works to keep her chin up for her daughters, Lydia (age 10) and Frankie (age 6), but it isn’t easy. She also mourns her Aunt Letty, who died the previous year. Without Letty, it is nearly impossible for one woman to keep the boarding house tidy and prepare meals for the boarders (struggling writer Chester Carson; an old Irishman by the name of James “Grandpa” O’Reilly; and two young apprentice lawyers, Geoffrey Illington, and Lucius Kemp). Maggie is determined to live by Jesus’ command to love others as she loves herself. So, she loves and respects all those who stay in her house. As a result, she is richly repaid in love and respect, but little in the way of cash. As the book notes, “The trouble was love and respect did not pay her bills.”
Realizing that she needs help, Maggie takes stock of her finances and hires a cook, by the name of Emily Johnson. The two eventually become friends, even though Emily is Black, and Maggie is not. What follows is an old-fashioned, slightly O. Henry-esque Christmas tale. When a disaster strikes Emily and her husband Nate, Maggie finds a way to help them, despite her financial troubles. Her generosity in turns leads to more generosity.
As some of you know, “The Newcomer” is the most recent among the Saint Maggie short stories. This tale, set in 1855, is about a newcomer by the name of Elijah Smith who stops over in Blaineton on his way to New York City. He is slightly disreputable – but is a guy who knows how to get what he needs without hurting people. For instance, he is not above sneaking into someone’s barn unannounced and spending a night or two in it while in transit. But what happens in Blaineton changes Eli’s life: a little redhaired girl by the name of Frankie catches him checking out an old house on her property, quickly discerns that he needs a place to stay, and leads him to her mother, a woman named Maggie who runs a boarding house and happens to have a room for rent.
Eli really wants to rent the old outbuilding. He is a newspaper man without a newspaper, and sees that, with a little work and gentle finagling, he could establish one there. So, he and Maggie work out a deal, and in the process discover that the both hold anti-slavery beliefs. But there’s one their deal: Maggie makes it clear that he cannot go into the basement in the little old building. In fact, the basement door is locked, and he is not given the key.
This is Eli’s backstory – or, more correctly, his backstory when it comes to Blaineton and his friendship with Maggie (a friendship that will become a relationship in the novel, Saint Maggie).
Next up: Saint Maggie, The Enlistment, and Walk by Faith.
Until, then, friends: stay strong, be kind, and practice love. We can make this world a better place.
Janet Stafford, Squeaking Pips Founder